Startup Technical Due Diligence: A complete check list

Table of Contents
Startup Technical Due Diligence

In the realm of startup investments, one critical facet consistently underpins investor decisions: Technical Due Diligence. This exhaustive evaluation mechanism assesses a startup’s technological stability, scalability, and security. However, to comprehend its importance, we must first dissect what it entails, its intrinsic components, and its potential implications for startups and investors alike.

Definition: What is Startup Technical Due Diligence?

Technical Due Diligence is a comprehensive examination process targeted at scrutinizing the technological facets of a startup. Like a health audit for an individual, this procedure aims to identify the strengths, vulnerabilities, and potential growth areas in a startup’s technological infrastructure.

The Scope: Delving into the Core Components

Technical Due Diligence covers a wide range of elements, from reviewing the chosen technologies to assessing the technical team’s proficiency, and ensuring robust cybersecurity measures. Let’s break down these components to understand the tools, techniques, and methods applied.

Technology Stack Review:

Objective: Understand the effectiveness and relevance of the technologies that the startup has selected.

  • Compatibility Analysis: Examining if the chosen technologies work well together and integrate seamlessly. Software like Jira and Confluence can be used to monitor and manage project compatibility.
  • Scalability Assessment: Evaluating if the tech stack can support growth. For instance, startups using databases like PostgreSQL might consider its capability to handle larger datasets as they grow.
  • Alignment with Business Goals: Determining if the tech stack aligns with the startup’s objectives and long-term vision. Tools such as SonarQube are instrumental in assessing code quality. Furthermore, by leveraging platforms like StackShare, startups can compare their tech stack to industry benchmarks and successful competitors.

Technical Team Assessment:

  • Objective: Evaluate the expertise of the technical team and their capability to actualize the startup’s goals.
  • Interview Process: Conducting structured interviews to understand team members’ skill sets and experience. Platforms like Codility or HackerRank can be employed to test coding skills.
  • Performance Evaluation: Using tools like 360-degree feedback systems or platforms like Lattice, to gather insights on team members’ performance from peers, subordinates, and superiors.
  • Skill-Objective Alignment: Matching the team’s skills against the startup’s technical needs. This ensures that the team possesses the requisite expertise to achieve the startup’s tech-related goals.

Cybersecurity & Data Management Protocols

Objective: Verify that the startup’s technological foundation is secure from potential threats and manages data effectively.

  • Cybersecurity Evaluation: Deploying vulnerability detection tools, such as Nessus and OpenVAS, to identify weak spots in the system. Regular penetration testing using platforms like Metasploit can also be used to probe system vulnerabilities.
  • Data Management Review: Analyzing data storage, retrieval, and processing methods. For startups using cloud storage, platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS) or Google Cloud Platform can be reviewed for security and efficiency. Database management tools like SQL Server Management Studio or MongoDB Atlas can be evaluated for data retrieval and processing efficiency.

The Execution: Role of External Consultants

Even though startups may possess a dedicated internal tech team, the multifaceted nature of technical due diligence often requires the involvement of specialized external consultants. Here’s a breakdown of the critical value they offer.

Objective Evaluation

Purpose: Ensure unbiased and clear-cut assessments of a startup’s technical landscape.

  • Neutrality: As outsiders, technical consultants don’t have vested interests in the startup’s internal dynamics or politics. This neutrality helps in producing evaluations that are genuine and free from internal biases.
  • Comprehensive Review Tools: Using platforms like Jira and Confluence, consultants can monitor and manage multiple facets of the project, ensuring that no detail is overlooked.

Depth of Expertise

Purpose: Leverage industry experience to unearth technological challenges or opportunities that may be overlooked by others.

  • Industry Exposure: Many consultants are industry stalwarts with vast experience. They’ve seen technological evolutions and revolutions, making them adept at spotting trends or issues that others might miss.
  • Benchmarking Tools: Platforms like StackShare allow consultants to compare a startup’s tech stack against industry standards and successful competitors, bringing forward insights that can guide future technological decisions.

Effective Communication

Purpose: Translate complex technical findings into understandable insights for all stakeholders.

  • Simplifying Complexity: A proficient consultant is skilled in taking intricate technical data and presenting it in a format that even those without a technical background can comprehend.
  • Collaborative Platforms: Tools like Confluence facilitate seamless communication between consultants and startups. They provide a platform where findings, recommendations, and strategies can be shared, discussed, and refined.

Potential Pitfalls and How to Avoid Them

The importance of technical due diligence in startup evaluations cannot be overstated. However, like all processes, it comes with its set of challenges. Addressing these proactively ensures a more precise and holistic review.

Risk of Neglecting Essential Elements

One of the common missteps in the technical due diligence process is neglecting certain vital components.

  • Challenge: There’s a tendency to focus too narrowly on certain areas, potentially overlooking important elements like cybersecurity measures or the potential for future scalability.
  • Solution: Utilizing a comprehensive checklist that covers all aspects of the startup’s technical environment is vital. This checklist should be regularly reviewed and updated, considering the ever-evolving tech industry. Platforms like Jira and Confluence can assist in tracking and managing this checklist, ensuring that nothing is missed.

Evaluating the Technical Team’s Proficiency

Another potential pitfall lies in the evaluation of the technical team’s competence.

  • Challenge: There’s a risk of overestimating or underestimating the team’s capabilities, which can lead to skewed interpretations of the startup’s potential.
  • Solution: Adopting an objective and unbiased approach is imperative. Using platforms like Codility or HackerRank can offer a more standardized measure of the team’s coding abilities. Additionally, blind tests or evaluations, where evaluators are not privy to the identities of the team members, can help eliminate any unconscious biases and ensure a fair assessment.

The Aftermath: Implications for Both Parties

Advantages for Startups

  • Credibility Boost: Completing a rigorous due diligence review effectively acts as a seal of approval for startups. It signifies that they meet industry standards and are dedicated to maintaining a high caliber of technological infrastructure.
  • Attracting Investments: With this enhanced credibility, startups position themselves as attractive prospects for potential investors. They’re seen not just as innovators but also as entities that have both the vision and the technical foundation to bring that vision to life.

Benefits for Investors

  • In-depth Insight: Technical due diligence serves as a valuable tool for investors, granting them a clearer picture of the startup’s technological robustness. It goes beyond surface-level evaluations, diving deep into the nuances of the startup’s technical strategies and implementations.
  • Informed Decisions: Armed with these insights, investors can make more informed decisions. It allows them to gauge the level of risk associated with an investment, aligning it with their investment strategies and ensuring that the venture aligns with their expected returns.


Technical Due Diligence stands as a sentinel in the startup investment landscape. It is not just a procedural necessity but a tool, illuminating the path for both startups and investors. A meticulous approach, combined with expertise, ensures that this tool’s potential is fully realized, benefiting all parties involved.


  1. What is Technical Due Diligence?
    Technical due diligence is a meticulous process designed to investigate and evaluate the technological components of a startup. This comprehensive examination serves as a health check for a startup’s technology, assessing crucial attributes such as its stability, scalability, and security.
  2. Why is Technical Due Diligence crucial for investors?
    For investors, technical due diligence provides insights into the technological robustness of a startup, ensuring that their potential investment is grounded on a solid technological foundation. This process helps identify potential risks and evaluates the startup’s technological capabilities, enabling informed investment decisions.
  3. What tools are commonly used during the Technical Due Diligence process?
    Various tools are utilized, depending on the aspect under review. For codebase quality and efficiency, tools like SonarQube and Crucible are instrumental. For cybersecurity evaluations, solutions such as Nessus or OpenVAS might be used to detect vulnerabilities.
  4. How does the assessment of a startup’s technical team factor into Technical Due Diligence?
    A significant portion of technical due diligence revolves around evaluating the startup’s technical team. This involves structured interviews, performance evaluations, and understanding their capacity to actualize the business vision technologically. The team’s adaptability, innovation potential, and skill levels are all under scrutiny.
  5. What role do external consultants play in Technical Due Diligence?
    Technical due diligence consultants, often seasoned industry veterans, provide an external and objective perspective to the evaluation process. With their profound technical expertise and understanding of startup ecosystems, these consultants can identify nuances, potential risks, or opportunities that might be overlooked in internal assessments.
  6. What are potential pitfalls to avoid during Technical Due Diligence?
    There are several pitfalls in the technical due diligence journey. Common mistakes include overlooking critical components such as cybersecurity, data management strategies, and not gauging the true competence of the technical team. It’s essential to ensure a comprehensive and unbiased review to derive accurate conclusions.

Further Reading

  1. Deciphering Startup Valuation: Unveiling the Worth of Startup Ventures
  2. Startup Financial Model: 7 Key steps for a blueprint to success
  3. Startup Business Plan: A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating a Winning Plan
  4. Pitch Deck for Pre Seed Startups: A step by step Comprehensive Guide
Aqib Khan

Aqib Khan

Aqib Khan is a Computer Sciences, PhD, with background in data engineering and modeling. He is a research associate at World Business Council, performing research on more than 20 different projects. Aqib is passionate about innovation and entrepreneurship.

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